Tires and brakes are integral components of a vehicle, crucial for safety, performance, and handling. Regular maintenance and prompt repairs are essential to ensure these systems function optimally, providing control and stability while driving.
Tire Inspection: Regularly examine tires for wear, cuts, bulges, or foreign objects embedded in the tread. Check tire pressure monthly and before long trips.
Puncture Repair: Small punctures from nails or sharp objects can often be repaired with a plug or patch. However, the location and size of the puncture determine if the tire is repairable. Seek professional advice for proper repairs.
Tire Rotation: Regular rotation promotes even wear and extends tire life. It’s recommended every 6,000 to 8,000 miles or as advised by the vehicle manufacturer.
Tire Replacement: When tires reach the minimum tread depth or show signs of wear, it’s crucial to replace them for safety. Uneven wear, sidewall damage, or aged tires should also prompt replacement.
Brake Inspection: Regularly check brake pads, rotors, and calipers for wear. Squealing or grinding noises, pulsating brake pedal, or longer stopping distances indicate potential issues.
Brake Pad Replacement: Worn brake pads must be replaced to ensure proper braking performance. Follow manufacturer recommendations for replacement intervals.
Brake Fluid Flush: Changing brake fluid periodically (usually every 2 years) removes contaminants and moisture that can affect brake performance.
Rotor Resurfacing or Replacement: Warped or excessively worn brake rotors can affect braking efficiency. Machining (resurfacing) or replacement may be necessary.
DIY vs. Professional Repair
DIY Maintenance: Basic tire pressure checks, visual tire inspections, and changing brake pads (if you have mechanical expertise) are tasks you can perform. However, if you’re unsure, it’s safer to consult a professional.
Professional Repair: Complex brake repairs, tire balancing, alignment, and issues with ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) or other advanced brake systems require professional expertise and specialized tools.
Follow the vehicle manual’s recommended maintenance schedule.
Ensure proper tire inflation according to manufacturer specifications.
Drive cautiously to avoid sudden braking or harsh acceleration, which can accelerate tire and brake wear.